Liberation or Moksha, the word itself is a reason of Curiosity for each of us and has a huge influence on the mind of everyone.
The living entities, made up of elements atoms and protons are prone to birth and death. According to the scriptures, there are four stages of every living being Birth , Life, Growth and Death. Similarly, there are four different stages that every one has to achieve Dharam, Arth, Kama and Moksha. Moksha is the end of the Death and Rebirth cycle and is classed as the fourth and the ultimate goal.
It is the transcendence of all arthas and can be achieved by overcoming ignorance and desires.It is a paradox in the sense that overcoming desires also includes overcoming the desire for Moksha.
As the soul finds unity with the Supreme Being and a person exits the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, self-realization occurs. As part of the process of achieving moksha, one loses his focus on the ego and the body and is able to focus on her or his own divine self. But we can attain Moksha before death too by self realization.
Understanding our ultimate relationship with God is the best way to achieve liberation. We need to understand the relationship of Atma and Pramatma. The soul is the eternal part of the supreme personality of Godhead and it is the ultimate truth.
Self-Realization is important because one gets to discover one’s true nature, true Self, gains the knowledge of unchanging soul and realising the truth that every living entity is a part of the same eternal soul is called Self-Realization. Self-realized people find the perfect balance between the “ideal self” and the “real self”.
They are unconventional men and women who are free, satisfied, grateful, and sensitive to the problems of the world. Self-realization doesn’t happen overnight. It will take some time and practice, but if you turn the practices into a habit, you’ll be guaranteed to get there. Once you do, you will no longer get affected by the sorrows and Joys and will achieve the ultimate goal i.e. liberation.